2020 SPAM Football Pool

the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong... but time and chance happeneth to them all

Super Bowl Wins

Super Bowl History

Past Nickname Themes

By Matthew Anderson 


Part of the Willow Family
Often found near water
Petals are not found on the flowers
Leaves sound like raindrops in the wind
After the seeds fall off tree they need to find moist ground before they dry out
Rid the bark and find wood light and soft 


Fruit can eaten fresh, canned, preserved, stewed or dried
It is in the Mulberry Family
Genesis 3:7 talks about its leaves 


Palm Sunday
A tree that has coconuts
Leaves are fan shaped
Most palms have thick trunks but some are no thicker than a pencil


Leaves are spade shaped
Ivory Silk is a variety
Large flowers
Able to survive temperatures as low as 30 degrees below zero
Can live for almost one hundred years


Ashes fall colors are yellow to maroon
Series of Redwall includes a riddle about it
Has 65 kinds


Often can live to be 300
Acorns are sometimes edible
Kinds are over 200


Decided to be Cornus florida
One of many barks used as a fever medicine
Gray when young
Washed the dogs suffering from mange with boiled bark
Originated in Europe
Often bark looks like hide of alligator
Does have a poem with reference to Jesus about it


Often leaves were woven into wreaths
Leaves and bark are gray-green
In the Bible at Genesis 8:11
Very safe canned food
Even the bark was used to heal wounds


Has very hard wood that is valuable for furniture
Often used in the black keys on pianos
Leaves are shiny
Light gray bark
Yaupon is a kind

Blue Spruce

Book award in Colorado for young adults to pick their favorite book
Live potted Christmas tree
Unique blue coloring
Even a privacy screen

State tree of Colorado and Utah
Pikes Peak is where it was discovered in 1862
Rising to 90 feet high
Used for windbreak
Cone hangs down from branches


You can make it into a bow
Extremely poisonous
With bark that is reddish brown


Looses its needles in the winter and changes color with the seasons
A use of it is baking powder
Right in the wood there is a special gum
Cones are woody
Has strong and durable wood


So far General Sherman is the largest tree known to man
Enter Florissant Fossils Beds in Colorado and you will find petrified stumps
Quite tall as up to 311 feet
USA's National Tree
Often can weigh up to 2.7 million pounds
Is thought to have been named after Sequoyah, a Cherokee linguist/silversmith who created a system of writing for the Cherokee language
As it grows older the bark turns gray with weather


Even the Iroquois used the bark to construct canoes, rope and utensils
Lumber and shade is what it is valued for
Making barrels, wagon wheels, and farm implements out of this wood is perfect since this wood doesn't split easily


Among the branches you will find spade-shaped leaves
Sheep, deer, goats, and cattle are fonder perhaps of these leaves than they are of those of any other tree
Poplar it is
Even rapidly grows on burned-over land
Not usually a large tree


Wood, roots, and branches all bend easily
It's leaves are narrow and curved at the tips
Likes to grow near water
Largest group of wood plants native to North America
Others in temperate regions of North America sometimes reach a height of 140 feet
Wicker furniture and baskets are made from its branches and twigs


Find it shaped like a pyramid
Is an evergreen
Run into it and see the stalks of the needles are twisted so that they seem to be growing in rows on opposite sides of the branch

By Matthew Anderson 

In a town called Colorado Springs lives an 11-year-old boy.  His parents call him Matthew.  Everyone else calls him ‘Dictionary’ because he reads the dictionary a lot.  One day he decides to open a detective agency in the garage and use a ping-pong table for a desk.  He finds a big piece of cardboard and writes:   

Anderson Detective Agency
No case too small
50 cents per day 

And that is the beginning of his detective agency. 

The Case Of The Old Map 

One day a kid, called John Reagan, comes into the Anderson Detective Agency.  Dictionary Anderson says, “Are you related to Ronald Reagan?”  John says, “No I just have his last name.  Anyway, I have a map and I don't know what it is for.”  As Dictionary receives the map, he notices it's a map of Colorado.  On the map there are two ‘X’ marks in Park County and the word ‘pitdah.’  Dictionary grabs a Hebrew dictionary.  Then Dictionary says “That will be 50 cents.  I already know the answer.” 

What did Dictionary know? 

The Case Of The Bible Puzzle  

As Dictionary sits in his office, a kid, called Ed John, comes in to his office.  He says, “I have a scripture puzzle which is part of my Bible study.  I am trying to remember the verse but can't.  Can you help me finish it?”  He gives Dictionary the puzzle, and it reads, “Faith is more precious than what?”  Dictionary says, “That will be 50 cents please.” 

What did Dictionary know? 

The Case Of The Saw  

A kid, called Tom Jake, walks into the Anderson Detective Agency.  He says, “I just joined a lapidary group.  I am going there tomorrow to get my rock cut.  I am told there is something special on the blade of the saw that helps to cut the rock.  Do you know what it is?”  Then Dictionary says, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know?  

The Case Of The Riddle  

As Dictionary and his pals are playing baseball, a kid, called Jason Rogers, comes running up.  He says “Hey Dictionary!  I have a riddle.  Can you help me?  If I solve it, I get the prize.”  Then he tells the riddle, “What's a wolf's favorite gem?”  Dictionary says, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know?  

The Case Of The Laser  

One day a kid, called Robert Becker, walks into the Anderson Detective Agency.  He says, “I'm collecting rocks and I learned there is a crystal used in a laser.  This laser was created in 1960.  Do you know what crystal is in there?”  Dictionary says, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know? 

The Case Of The Oyster  

As Dictionary and Ed John are playing catch with a baseball in Dictionary's front yard, a kid comes running up to them.  He says, “My name is Greg Watterson.  My parents are testing me on oysters because we are going to buy an oyster farm.  I got all the questions right except for this one.”  Dictionary reads the question, “An irritant is put in the oyster so that it produces what?”  Dictionary says, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know? 

The Case Of Wyoming 

As Dictionary bounces his basketball to the court, a kid stops him.  The kid says, “My name is Ralph Cassell, and I'm learning about states.  Did you know that the Wyoming collectable quarter is coming out in 2007?”  Dictionary answers, “Yes.”  So Ralph asks, “But do you know what is Wyoming's state gem?”  Dictionary says, “Yes, and that will be 50 cents.” 

The Case Of The Hummingbird 

As Dictionary plays in the snow, a kid comes running up to him.  He says, “My name is Jeff Graves, and I'm learning about birds.  Did you know that hummingbirds could fly backwards?”  Dictionary answers, “Yes.”  Then Jeff says, “Anyway, I can't remember one hummingbird’s name.  All I can remember is that it's named after a blue gemstone and lives in South America.”  Dictionary says, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know?  

The Case Of The Wise Men 

As Dictionary plays with his ball and cup, a kid comes up to him.  He says, “My name is George Park, and I'm 6 years old.  My parents are teaching me about the Bible.  I'm supposed to find out how the wise men got to Jesus.”  Dictionary answered, “That will be 50 cents.”  Then George asks, “Can I play with that ball and cup?”  Dictionary says, “Sure.” 

What did Dictionary know?  

The Case Of The Medals 

As Dictionary and his friends play flag football, Dictionary runs in a touchdown.  The leading scorer waits for Dictionary and says, “Nice touchdown, but you are still behind me.  If this game was in the Olympics, do you know what medal you would get?”  Dictionary responds, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know?  

The Case Of The Watches 

As Dictionary plays on the swings at the playground, a kid comes up to him.  He says, “My name is Jim Taylor, and I'm learning about watches.  I can't remember what people put in the watches.  I think they use some sort of mineral to act as a time base.  Do you know what it is?”  Dictionary answers,  “Sure do, and I also know that this rock can be used as flint to make a fire.  That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know? 

The Case Of The Movie Trivia 

As Dictionary flies his kite, a kid comes up to him and says, “Nice kite flying!  My name is Sean Alexander, and I have a book of movie trivia.  I'm trying to solve all of the questions, but I am stuck on one.”  He reads the question, “To what city did the yellow brick road lead?”  Dictionary answers, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know? 

The Case Of The Anniversary Gift 

As Dictionary makes a rubber band ball, his next client arrives.  The kid says, “I have seen one bigger.  Anyway, my name is George Russell.  My parents are having an 8th wedding anniversary party.  They told me to buy them a traditional gemstone as a gift but not aventurine or bronze.  Do you know what I should get?”  Dictionary answers, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know? 

The Case Of The French Fry 

As Dictionary plays with his lasso, a kid comes up to him.  He says, “My name is James Fry.  I'm learning French.  I forgot the English word for ‘grenat’.”  Dictionary asks, “Why do you need to remember that?”  James answers, “Because my parents are French but moved here when I was a baby, and they want me to learn how to speak the language.”  Dictionary says, “Ok.  That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know?  

The Case Of The Patriotic Song 

As Dictionary builds a snow speeder out of lego, he hears the doorbell.  At the door is Ralph Cassell.  He says,  “Hi!  I'm still learning about states.  There are six states that have the same official state rock.  It is the same rock that Katharine Lee Bates was standing on when the opening lines of 'America the Beautiful' sprang into being.  If you can tell me what she was standing on, I can solve the states.”  Dictionary answers, “That will be 50 cents.” 

What did Dictionary know?  Can you guess the states? 

The Case Of The Twelve Stones 

Dictionary decides to go to the park.  As he starts out, a kid stops him and says, “My name is Charlie Bullion.  I hear you are knowledgeable about gems, but I think I can stump you.  What is the 8th stone in Aaron's breastplate?”  Dictionary answers, “That will be 50 cents.”  Charlie responds, “But do you know what tribe it stands for?”  Dictionary answers, “OK, we’ll call it even.” 

What did Dictionary know?  What didn’t he know? 

The Case Of The Greek Island 

As Dictionary reads his new poem book, he hears the doorbell.  At the door is Jason Rogers.  Jason says, “Hi Dictionary!  I'm learning about the Greek language.  Do you know what gem took its name from the Greek word for an island in the Red Sea?  I’ll give you a hint.  The island is also named after an apostle.”  Dictionary answers, “That will be 50 cents.”

What did Dictionary know?  Can you name the apostle?

By Matthew Anderson

Are birds really dinosaurs?

The word dinosaur was created in 1841 and used to describe a type of extinct reptile.  Dinosaurs and birds are very different in many ways.  Two of the most brilliantly designed structures in nature are bird feathers and special lungs.  Feathers are complex structures with barb, barbules, and hooks.  They originate from follicles inside the skin in a manner akin to hair.  Dinosaurs had scales, which are folds in skin.  In reptile ("bellows"-style) lungs, the air is drawn into tiny sacs where blood extracts the oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.  The stale air is then breathed out the same way it came in.  But birds have a complicated system of air sacs (avian lungs).  This system keeps air flowing in one direction through special tubes in the lungs, and blood moves through the lung's blood vessels in the opposite direction for efficient oxygen uptake.  Also birds move both its upper jaw and lower jaw.  In most vertebrates, including reptiles, only the lower jaw moves.



Puffins don't build their nest in trees; they build their nest in burrows, which they make themselves.  A large group of puffins are called "rafts."  Bald eagles, sea gulls, falcons, and killer whales are a puffin’s enemies.  They are excellent swimmers and divers, and can live to be almost forty years old.  Some people have nicknamed them "clowns of the sea" or "sea parrots."


Baltimore Oriole

The Baltimore oriole, sometimes also called a firebird or golden robin, is a pleasant-sounding songbird.  It was named after Lord Baltimore, the Maryland colony's governor.  The male bird's orange and black feathers are the colors of Lord Baltimore's coat of arms.  In 1894, Baltimore's major league baseball team was named after the bird.  It became the state bird of Maryland on June 1, 1947.



Hawks see clearly over long distances, and have strong wings and strong feet.  They usually catch and eat live animals.  Duck hawks can dive at 175 miles per hour and can catch birds in midair.  Kestrels are about the size of a robin.  The largest hawks are called eagles.



The partridge is mentioned in The Twelve Days of Christmas.  The name partridge is also sometimes associated with grouse, the bobwhite, and quail.  It was first introduced to North America in 1889, when the gray partridge was brought into Virginia.  The partridge is a fast bird. Using its deep chest to propel itself, the partridge can scurry across the ground at quick speeds to avoid predators.


The National Symbol

The bald eagle was officially declared the National Emblem of the United States by the Second Continental Congress in 1782.  It was selected by the U.S.A.'s founding fathers because it is a species unique to North America.  Ben Franklin wanted the wild turkey to be the national bird, because he thought the eagle was of bad moral character.  Bald eagles were once very common throughout most of the United States.  They feed primarily on fish and they can carry their food off in flight, but can only lift about half their weight.



You can find swans on ponds, lakes, slow-moving rivers, and many live in salt water, too.  There are mute, whooper, bewick's, whistling, trumpeter (which is the largest and they don't migrate south for the winter), black, black-necked, and coscoroba swans.  Migrating swans travel mainly at night.  There is a book about swans called The Trumpet of the Swan.  It is a bird mentioned in The Twelve Days of Christmas.


There are 18 different kinds of penguins, and they live south of the equator.  Emperor penguins are the biggest (35 in. tall and up to 90 lb.) and little blue penguins are the smallest (a third as tall and just over 2.2 lb.).  Penguins have enemies such as seals, sharks, and killer whales.  Some penguins make their nest with stones and pebbles.  There is a book about penguins called Mr. Popper's Penguins.

 Worm-eating Warbler

Worm-eating warblers can also be called wormers.  However, they mainly feed on caterpillars, spiders, and other insects.  Wormers winter in the Caribbean Basin, and they summer in North America.  They build their nest on the ground and hide it with leaves.  The song of a wormer is a thin dry buzz.

 Green Jay

The green jay has a blue cap and no crest.  It eats seeds, fruits and insects.  The City of McAllen, Texas has chosen the green jay as its official bird.  The green jay lives in southern Texas and Mexico.  Its song is a harsh ch-ch-ch-ching, fast beetle-beetle, and odd low snore.



Archaeopteryx is an extinct bird, being about the size of a pigeon.  It had curved claws for perching.  It could move both its upper and lower jaw.  Unlike the vulture, the archaeopteryx had feathers on its head.  Also, it had claws on its wings, which could be used if attacked like the ostrich.

 Great Auk

Before it became extinct in the mid 1800's, the great auk was found in the cold waters of the Atlantic Ocean along the coasts of North America and northern Europe.  It was a swimmer, not a flyer, and a superb navigator.  The great auk was a hardy, gentle and trusting bird that loved the sea.  People carved the great auk's figure on the walls of caves.  The carvings can now be seen in El Pinto Cave in Spain.



Doves eat on the ground, and they eat cracked corn, sunflower seed, and white millet.  The mourning dove is smaller than a pigeon, makes a soft cooing sound, takes tiny steps, and bobs its head as it goes.  Wisconsin's symbol of peace is the mourning dove.  The nest is sometimes built on top of a deserted robin's nest.  In the Bible Noah sent out a dove from the ark to find out if the waters had gone down.


Mockingbirds will eat bird cakes as well as raisins and other fruit at backyard feeders.  If you get too close to its nest it will attack you.  One time a pig came to a tree to eat some oranges, and the mockingbirds attacked it because they thought their nest was being threatened; however, the pig actually enjoyed the pecking.  One mockingbird was heard imitating the calls of 32 different birds in just 10 minutes.  The mockingbird is the state bird of Arkansas, Florida, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Texas.

Western Meadowlark

The western meadowlark is the state bird of Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, and Wyoming.  Its nest is placed on the ground in a concealed spot and is partially domed, made of grass and other plant materials.  The eggs are buff speckled with brown.  Its song is "See-me- I'm MEADOWLARK!"  If you move close to it, it will turn its back to match the grass; if you move even closer it will fly away.

 Blue Jay

The blue jay is nearly 1 foot long, including the tail.  They can raise or lower their crest on their head.  Blue jays live about four to six years.  They love peanuts.  A blue jays voice is "Jay-jay-jay;" it also can mimic the calls of red-shouldered and red-tailed hawks.



Dunlins have a long bill and short legs.  They live on tundra in the summer and beaches in the winter.  The dunlin looks different throughout the year with its colors being brightest in the summer.  The call of a dunlin sounds like a short slurred 'treep'.  The dunlin is on many stamps.


Robins are not afraid of living near humans.  They have many enemies such as squirrels, dogs, cats, and hawks.  They make their nest of twigs and mud.  The robin is the most popular songbird in the United States because it appears to be a happy and friendly bird.  It is the state bird of Wisconsin, Michigan and Connecticut.



The bluebird is a songbird that lives in North America.  Bluebirds eat insects, some berries, and other small fruits.  The bluebird is the state bird of Idaho, Missouri, Nevada and New York.  Bluebirds are dying out.  They are dying out because their houses are being taken over by sparrows and starlings.


By Matthew Anderson


Microraptor (meaning "little plunderer") is a newly discovered, bird-like dinosaur from China. This crow-sized coelurosaurid theropod was about 16 inches (40 cm long).  A partial skeleton (missing the middle portion) and feather-like impressions were found in Liaoning, China. It is probably an adult, but this is not certain.  It was named by Xu, Zhou, and Wang in 2000.


Jobaria was named for Jobar, a mythical creature of African legends.  It was a long-necked, long-tailed dinosaur.  Jobaria was 6 feet wide across its chest.  It had one large claw on each front foot, and smaller claws on its hind feet.  In 1997, several Jobaria fossils were found together, indicating that this dinosaur was a herding animal.


Datousaurus was a long-necked, long-tailed, quadrupedal, plant-eating dinosaur.  This solidly built sauropod was over 50 ft (15 m) long.  It had 5 toes on each of its four feet.  Fossils have been found in China.  Its teeth were spoon shaped, and it had a very solid skull (unlike many sauropods).


Brachiosaurus means, "Arm lizard".  It used to be thought that the sauropods (like Brachiosaurus and Apatosaurus) and Stegosaurus had a second brain.  Brachiosaurus was first found in the Grand River Valley, in western Colorado, USA, in 1900.  A few incomplete fossils have been found (mostly without skulls).  Unlike most other dinosaurs, the front legs of Brachiosaurus were longer than the hind legs (hence its name, "arm lizard").


Allosaurus means "Different Lizard".  It was the biggest meat-eater in North America.  Allosaurus was a powerful predator that walked on two powerful legs, had a strong, S-shaped neck, and had vertebrae that were different from those of other dinosaurs (hence its name, the "different lizard").  An Apatosaurus vertebra was found with Allosaurus tooth marks etched into it, evidence of an Allosaurus attack.  The first virtually complete Allosaurus skeleton was discovered by rancher M. P. Felch in 1883, in Colorado, USA.

 Largest & Smallest Dinosaurs

A villager from a desolate part of southern Patagonia in Argentina recently found the fossil of what may be the world's biggest-known dinosaur (unnamed).  This enormous plant-eater, a sauropod, may have been 157 to 167 feet (48-51 m) long.  This behemoth is probably even bigger than Argentinosaurus, another giant plant-eater found nearby.


Compsognathus was a small, meat-eating, bird-like dinosaur that walked on two slender legs.  This dinosaur was named by Johann A. Wagner in 1859.  It was the size of a chicken and is the smallest-known dinosaur.

Dinosaurs & birds

God created everything.  All the Bible’s miracles occurred quickly, including the biggest and first miracle—creation itself.  Birds were created before dinosaurs, reptiles, and other beasts of the earth. (Gen 1:20–25)  Man saw and wrote about dinosaurs and giant seagoing reptiles.  (Job 40:15–41:34)  Life was created during only three of the six creation days—3rd day: plant life, 5th day: sea life and birds, and the 6th day: other land animals and man. (Gen 1)  God finished “all His work” in six days. (Gen 2:1–3; Ex 20:11, 31:17; Heb 4:1–11)

 The Flood - Hydroplate Theory

There was just one single major earth catastrophe of judgment that caused the near extinction of life, the Genesis flood of Noah's day.  There were both volcanic and collision activity associated with the flood.  However, the dinosaurs were not driven to extinction at this time.  Instead, living dinosaur types were sheltered aboard the Ark.  They then gradually disappeared in post-flood centuries due to climate changes and other possible causes.



Archaeopteryx (meaning "ancient wing") was a meat eater.  It seemed to be part bird and part dinosaur.  Amazingly detailed Archaeopteryx fossils have been found in fine-grained limestone in southern Germany.  It was named by the German paleontologist Hermann von Meyer in 1861.  Bird fossils are rare because bird bones are hollow and fragile, and usually deteriorate instead of fossilizing.



Iguanodon means "Iguana Tooth".  Iguanodon was a plant-eating dinosaur.  Iguanodon was a dinosaur that had a horny, toothless beak and tightly packed cheek teeth.  On each hand, Iguanodon had four fingers plus a conical thumb spike on each hand (that was perpendicular to the other fingers).  The thumb spikes may have been used for defense or in obtaining food; it ranged from 2 to 6 inches long.



Argentinosaurus means "Argentina lizard".  It was a plant-eater and weighed 80 -100 tones.  It may be the largest dinosaur.  It had a long neck, a long tail, and a small head.  Very little is known about this giant dinosaur.



Dinosaurus is pronounced DIEN-oh-SAWR-us. Dinosaurus means, "terrifying lizard."  It was a large, plant-eating dinosaur (a plateosaurid prosauropod) that lived in what is now Europe.  Dinosaurus was named by Ruetimeyer in 1856.  Dinosaurus (later Gresslyosaurus) is probably the same as the genus Plateosaurus.



Baryonyx, meaning "Heavy claw", was an unusual theropod dinosaur with huge 1-foot (30.5-cm) long claws on its hands, and long, narrow, crocodile-like jaws with 96 small, serrated teeth (this is 1.5 times the number of teeth that most other theropods had).  It had a long, straight neck (unlike other theropods, who had s-shaped necks) and a long tail.  Baryonyx was a carnivore.  It was a large predator that ate fish.  A fossilized Baryonyx was found with a fossilized meal in its stomach; this stomach contained fish scales, fish bones, and some partially digested bones of a young Iguanodon.



Pachycephalosaurus means "Thick-Headed Lizard".  Its huge head had an incredibly thick skull, a large brain, and large eyes.  Pachycephalosaurus grew to be about 15 feet long.  Pachycephalosaurus probably had a good sense of smell.  Running was probably the first line of self-defense.



Coloradisaurus means "lizard from the Los Colorados formation" in Argentina.  It was perhaps up to 10 to 13 feet long.  It had a small head, large eyes, and a large body.  Coloradisaurus may be the adult version of Mussaurus.  A fossil skull was found in Argentina and was named by paleontologist Lambert in 1983.



Torosaurus means, "pierced lizard".  It was a plant-eater and it may have eaten conifers, cycads, ginkgoes, and flowering plants.  The first Torosaurus skull was found by the fossil hunter John Bell Hatcher.  Torosaurus' enormous horned skull was 8 feet long.  It had a large, bony, neck frill, a short horn on the snout, two long eyebrow horns, and a toothless beak.


Tyrannosaurus Rex

Tyrannosaurus Rex means "Tyrant lizard king".  T-Rex's foot was 3.3 feet long.  He was 40 feet long.  The skin has been described as "lightly pebbled skin".  It's arms were 3 feet long.



Maiasaura means "Good Mother Lizard".  It was named by Jack R. Homer and Robert Makela in 1979.  Maiasaura was a dinosaur with a flat skull and small crests in front of the eyes.  It was a duck-billed, plant-eating dinosaur.  First one found with its young and first dinosaur in space.



Mussaurus means "Mouse Lizard".  Mussaurus (pronounced moo-SAWR-us) was a small, plant-eating dinosaur.  It is the smallest dinosaur skeletons yet found.  No adult Mussaurus fossils have been found.  The baby Mussaurus could fit in a person's hand.  Its back legs were longer than its front legs.



William Buckland found this dinosaur in England in 1819.  The dinosaur footprints are found in limestone in Southern England.  It was named in 1824 and at that time the word dinosaur hadn't even been invented.  Megalosaursus was a meat eater dinosaur.  Megalosaursus means "Great Lizard" and it weighed about 1 ton.  It was the first dinosaur scientifically described and named.


By Matthew Anderson



Marquis de Lafayette was a French soldier and statesman.  He studied at the Military Academy in Versailles.  He married Adrienne de Noailles.  He came to America in 1777.  He was a friend of George Washington and he spent the terrible winter at Valley Forge with him.



Eddie Rickenbacker was born in 1890.  He grew up in Columbus, Ohio.  He fought in World War I.  He received at least 3 medals.  He died in 1973.



Joshua Chamberlain was born Sept. 8, 1828.  He grew up In Brewer, Maine.  He fought in the Civil War.  He received the Congressional Medal of Honor.  He died in 1914.


General William Palmer

General William Palmer was born in 1836.  He founded Colorado Springs.  He bought 9,300 acres for 80 cents an acre.  He built the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad.  He was a General in the Civil War.


 Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar was born in Rome.  He was born in 100 BC.  He died in 44 BC.  He lived in Rome.  He was a Roman general and statesman.  He fought Italy and Spain. He is famous for the quote, "I came, I saw, I conquered."


U. S. Grant

Grant, Ulysses S(impson) (1822-1885), 18th president of the United States (1869-1877).  Grant graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1843.  He fought under General Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1846-1847).  From 1861-1865 Grant fought in the American Civil War.  In 1863 was named major general in U.S. Army.  Then in 1864 was named general in chief of U.S. Army.  Grant accepted the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in 1865.



Minutemen were volunteer soldiers who fought for the American Colonies against Britain at the beginning of the Revolutionary War in America (1775-1783).  Just before the war, they were trained and organized into military companies.  They were called minutemen because they were ready to fight "at a minute's notice."

  When the Massachusetts militia was reorganized in 1774, the Provincial Congress provided that one-third of all the new regiments were to be made up of minutemen.  The most famous action of the minutemen occurred on April 19, 1775, at Lexington and Concord, where they fought side by side with the militia.  Minutemen groups disappeared when regular armies were formed.


Teddy Roosevelt

Teddy Roosevelt (1858-1919), at age 42, became the youngest president in U.S. history.  From 1897-1898 Teddy Roosevelt served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy.  In 1898 Teddy Roosevelt commanded the volunteer regiment known as the "Rough Riders" during the Spanish-American War.  Teddy Roosevelt earned the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the treaty ending the Russo-Japanese War.  Teddy Roosevelt launched the "Great White Fleet" of American battleships, which demonstrated worldwide naval power in 1907.


Arthur J Anderson, COL US ARMY

Arthur J Anderson was born in Sept. of 1916, grew up in South Dakota, and joined the U.S. ARMY 2nd ARMORED DIVISION in 1939.  Arthur J Anderson served 23 years in the US Army.  He was in 9 campaigns.  His last war was Korea.  Some of the medals he received were the Silver Star, Bronze Star, and Purple Heart Medal. But most importantly, without him there would be no General Sherman, Sergeant Schultz, and Captain America.  Arthur J Anderson, we salute you!


Uncle Sam

Uncle Sam is a nickname for the United States Government, or for the people of the United States.  Many historians believe that the phrase was first used during the War of 1812.  At that time, government supply wagons were stamped with the letters "U.S.," for United States.  Persons who were not in favor of the war began to say that the letters stood for "Uncle Sam."  These people accused "Uncle Sam of being wasteful and foolish.  But gradually the term lost its bad meaning and came to stand for all that was good in the United States.


Clara Barton

Clara Barton (1821-1912) founded the American Red Cross.  In the War between the States she began the work of carrying supplies to soldiers and nursing wounded men on the battlefields.  At first, the government had refused to give help but later her deeds attracted nation-wide attention.  She was called "Angel of the Battlefield."  More than 12,000 graves were marked in the Andersonville (Ga.) National Cemetery because of her work.



George Washington (1732-1799), won a lasting place in American history as the "Father of the Country."  In three important ways, Washington helped shape the beginning of the United States.  First, he served as commander in chief of the Continental Army that won American independence from Great Britain in the Revolutionary War.  Second, Washington served as president of the convention that wrote the United States Constitution.  Third, he was elected the first President of the United States. President Ford posthumously appointed George Washington General of the Armies of the United States and specified that he would rank first among all officers of the Army, past and present.


Major Winters

Richard D. Winters started in Easy Company as a 2nd Lieutenant in charge of the 1st Platoon, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for action on D-Day and rose to Major as the war progressed. His commanding officer said, "His personal bravery and battle knowledge held a crucial position when the going was really rough".  Major Richard Winters was played by Damian Lewis in Band of Brothers.  Steven Spielberg's mini-series Band of Brothers, started airing Oct. 5, 2001, tells the story of a company of US paratroopers who landed in Normandy in 1944 and fought their way across Europe, ending up at Hitler's mountain retreat at Berchtesgaden in the spring of 1945.  Winters commented at the premier, "Pass these lesson that we learned along.  They were hard lessons to learn." 


Little Mac

General Lee called George McClellan the greatest Northern general in the War Between the States.  McClellan was also called "Little Mac" by his soldiers.  He was a brilliant student of military history, and was also thoroughly familiar with problems of organization, strategy, and tactics.  At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was commissioned major general in the regular army and, after the First Battle of Bull Run, commanded the Army of the Potomac, the troops in and around Washington, D.C.  In November 1861 he was appointed commander in chief of the Union army. 



Sherman, William Tecumseh (1820-1891), was one of the greatest Union generals of the War between the States.  He is best remembered for his march from Atlanta to the sea.  Sherman has been called the first modern general because he made this march for the purpose of destroying supplies rather than lives.  This idea that a war can be ended sooner by destroying the materials of war than by killing soldiers is one of the basic principles of modern warfare.  Sherman hated war and is said to have summed up his feelings in the famous phrase, "War is hell." 


 Sergeant Schultz

Sergeant Schultz is a character on the TV show "Hogan's Heroes" aired in prime time from 1965 to 1971. Schultz goes on the philosophy that with his head in the sand that he can't get in any trouble.  Schultz is consumed with eating pastries and strudels (mostly courtesy of LeBeau) drinking beer, avoiding trouble and being impartial. Schultz is known for saying "I know no-thing!"  Schultz is completely controlled by the prisoners, being moved in any direction which is beneficial to them. 



Buzz Aldrin was born January 20, 1930 in Montclair, New Jersey.  Known for piloting the lunar landing module on Apollo 11, the first manned landing on the moon, and becoming the second person to walk on the moon's surface.  In November 1966 he piloted Gemini 12, the last Gemini mission.  Born Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr., Adrin adopted the nickname Buzz as his legal name in 1988.  Aldrin was the first astronaut to resume a military career after retiring from NASA. 


Captain America

Eager to serve his county during world war two, Steve Rogers was transformed into a physically perfect man by the government's Super Soldier program, becoming the united states sentinel of liberty!  Armed with an indestructible shield and the physical prowess of an Olympic athlete, Rogers fought valiantly to uphold the ideals and principles of democracy.  At the end of war he was accidentally frozen in a block of ice and preserved for decades until discovered and revived by the avengers.  Now a man out of time, he is ever vigilant in his battles to protect the innocent and to uphold the beliefs upon which America was founded.  Willing to sacrifice his own life for the greater good, Steve Rogers is a physical embodiment of truth, justice, and honor He is......CAPTAIN AMERICA! 



Custer, George Armstrong (1839-1876), was an American army officer who took part in Indian warfare on the plains of Montana and Dakota.  By 1863 he was a major, and later became major general of volunteers.  Custer was called "Yellow Hair" by the Indians.  In June 1876, he fought the Battle of Little Big Horn in Montana in an attempt to end attacks on white settlers by the Indian leaders, Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and Rain-in-the-Face.  This battle, which lasted only twenty minutes, was called "Custer's last stand," because he and his whole command were massacred by the Sioux Indians under Crazy Horse.
















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